Saudi girl sentenced to 34 years in jail for utilizing Twitter Saudi Arab

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A Saudi pupil on the College of Leeds who returned to the dominion for a vacation has been sentenced to 34 years in jail for having a Twitter account and following and retweeting dissidents and activists.

The sentence by Saudi’s particular terrorist court docket got here weeks after US President Joe Biden’s go to to Saudi Arabia, which human rights activists warned might immediate the dominion to crack down on dissidents and different pro-democracy activists.

The case can also be the most recent instance of how Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman focused Twitter customers in his marketing campaign of repression, in addition to the US social media firm by way of Saudi’s sovereign wealth fund, the Public Funding Fund (PIF). managed a significant oblique stake in ,

Salma al-Shahab, 34, a mom of two younger kids, was initially sentenced to a few years in jail for the “crime” of utilizing an Web web site to “create public unrest and destabilize civil and nationwide safety”. Was. However an appeals court docket on Monday handed down a brand new sentence – 34 years in jail adopted by a 34-year journey ban – after a public prosecutor requested the court docket to contemplate different alleged offences.

Based on a translation of court docket data seen by the Guardian, the brand new allegations embody allegations that Shehab was “aiding those that search to create public unrest and destabilize civil and nationwide safety by following his Twitter accounts.” are” and again- tweeting them. It’s believed that Shahab should search a contemporary attraction within the case.

Salma al-Shahab and her household. Photograph: ESOHR

By all accounts, Shahab was not a distinguished or significantly vocal Saudi activist, both inside the dominion or within the UK. She described herself on Instagram – the place she had 159 followers – as a dentist, medical instructor, PhD pupil on the College of Leeds and lecturer at Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman College, and a spouse and mom to their sons, Noah and Adam. within the type of.

His Twitter profile revealed that he has 2,597 followers. Between tweets about Covid burnout and images of his younger kids, Shehab often retweeted tweets from Saudi dissidents dwelling in exile, calling for the discharge of political prisoners within the kingdom. She appeared to help the case of Louzain al-Hathloul, a distinguished Saudi feminist activist who had beforehand been imprisoned, tortured for supporting driving rights for ladies, and now dwelling below a journey ban. Is.

An individual who knew Shehab stated that she couldn’t abdomen the injustice. She was described as properly educated and an avid reader, having come to the UK in 2018 or 2019 to pursue her PhD in Leeds. She returned to Saudi Arabia on trip in December 2020 and intends to convey her two kids and husband again to the UK together with her. He was then referred to as for questioning by the Saudi authorities and ultimately arrested and tried for his tweets.

An individual who adopted her case stated that Shahab had been stored in solitary confinement a number of occasions and had sought to inform the decide privately about how she was dealt with throughout her trial, which she shared together with her father. Did not need to inform. The particular person stated that he was not allowed to convey the message to the decide. The attraction choice was signed by three judges however the signatures had been invalid.

Twitter declined to touch upon the matter and didn’t reply to particular questions concerning the influence – if any – of Saudi Arabia on the corporate. Twitter beforehand didn’t reply to questions from the Guardian that Badr al-Askar, a senior aide of Prince Mohammed, had been given a verified Twitter deal with with greater than 2 million followers, regardless of the US authorities’s allegations that he had plotted an unlawful infiltration. Why has the account been allowed to be maintained? The corporate that recognized nameless Twitter customers and jailed them by the Saudi authorities. A former Twitter worker has been convicted by a US court docket on this case.

One in every of Twitter’s greatest traders is Saudi billionaire Prince Alwaleed bin Talal, who, by way of his funding firm Kingdom Holdings, owns greater than 5% of Twitter. Whereas Prince Alwaleed nonetheless serves as the corporate’s chairman, his management over the group has confronted questions in US media, together with the Wall Road Journal, when it emerged that the Saudi royal – the Crown Prince’s cousin – was held captive. was taken. The Ritz Carlton in Riyadh for 83 days. The incident was a part of a wider purge led by Prince Mohammed in opposition to different members of the royal household and retailers, and included allegations of torture, coercion and seizure of Arab wealth within the Saudi treasury.

In Prince Alwaleed’s 2018 Bloomberg interview, which was held in Riyadh seven weeks after his launch, the billionaire acknowledged that he had reached a “confirmed understanding” with the Saudi authorities, apparently concerning his launch. which was confidential.

Most lately, Kingdom Holding introduced in Might that it had bought about 17% of its firm to PIF, the place Prince Mohammed serves as chairman, for $1.5bn. In flip, this makes the Saudi authorities a major oblique investor in Twitter. Based on Twitter, traders don’t play a job in managing the day-to-day enterprise of the corporate.

The European Saudi Group for Human Rights condemned Shehab’s sentence, which it stated was the longest jail sentence ever confronted by any activist. It stated many ladies activists have been subjected to unfair trials, which have led to arbitrary punishment and “extreme torture”, together with sexual assault.

Khalid Aljabari, a Saudi dwelling in exile and whose sister and brother are being held within the kingdom, stated the Shehab case proved Saudi Arabia’s view that dissent equates to terrorism.

“Salma’s harsh sentence in a terrorism court docket over peaceable tweets is the most recent manifestation of MBS’s brutal repression machine,” he stated, referring to the crown prince. “precisely like [journalist Jamal] The aim of Khashoggi’s homicide, his sentence is to ship shock waves out and in of the dominion – dare to criticize MBS and you’ll find yourself both ultimately or in a Saudi dungeon.

Though the matter didn’t obtain widespread consideration, the Washington Submit printed a scathing editorial on Tuesday about Saudi Arabia’s therapy of the Leeds pupil, saying its case exhibits the “dedication” the president has obtained on reforms. It was “a farce”.

“On the very least, Mr Biden should now converse coercively and demand that Ms Shehab be launched and allowed to return to the UK, to her 4 and 6-year-old sons, and resume their research there.” be completed,” it learn.

Further reporting by Robin Winter in Leeds

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