Azerbaijan: transferring in direction of a market economic system


Regardless of potential army hostilities, Azerbaijan presents fertile soil for a rising non-public sector and overseas direct funding.

important statistics

place: South Caucasus area

Neighbors: Russia, Iran, Armenia, Georgia

Capital: Baku

Inhabitants (2021): 10,267,272

Official language: Azerbaijani

GDP Per Capita (2020): $4,221.40

GDP Development (2020): -4.3%

Inflation (2020): 2.8%

Posture: Manat

Funding Promotion Company: Azerbaijan Export and Funding Promotion Company

Funding Incentives Accessible: Company, property and funding tax exemptions, significantly for non-oil initiatives, manufacturing amenities and imports of producing tools; Sure tax exemptions for funding certificates holders; free financial zone in improvement

Corruption Notion Index Rank (2020): 129

Political and safety dangers: Political tensions between Azerbaijan and Armenia stay excessive, with occasional armed conflicts within the border areas—entry has been banned in Nagorno-Karabakh and surrounding areas—landmines, unexploded armaments, infrastructure harm; friction between Azerbaijan and Russia over the presence of Russian peacekeepers; risk of terrorism


Financial potential of the Trans-Caspian Hall

The central financial institution goals to stabilize the change charge

Financing from the World Financial institution and the Asian Improvement Financial institution


oil value fluctuations

Supply: Asian Improvement Financial institution, Azernews, Fitch Options, Authorities of Canada Journey Advisory, Worldwide Financial Fund, Reuters, Transparency Worldwide, US State Division, World Financial institution, World Inhabitants Evaluation

For extra data see international financeThe Azerbaijan Financial Report knowledge web page.

As Azerbaijan emerges from the Covid-19 pandemic, the South Caucasus nation faces a extra contagious Omicron variant, however has escaped the excessive an infection charges of its neighbors Russia, Armenia and Georgia.

“The Azerbaijan authorities has been reluctant to impose new sanctions for worry of further financial penalties.” Mario Bikarski, an analyst on the European crew on the Economist Intelligence Unit, says.

Thus far, the harm is critical. In line with Fitch, Azerbaijan’s economic system shrank by 4.3% in 2020. Nevertheless, the ranking company estimates that the economic system ought to develop by 2.8% in 2021 and three.9% in 2022.

Three many years after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the economies of its former republics shifted between their outdated command mannequin and the extra liberal market mannequin.

In Azerbaijan, its state-owned oil firm, the State Oil Firm of Azerbaijan (SOCAR), exerts appreciable affect within the all-important oil and fuel sector, stopping migration to a full market economic system, notes Bikarsky.

Additionally, the federal government sees elevated transfers from soccer as a lift to monetary stability. Moreover, for the reason that break-even value of soccer oil—the purpose at which the promoting value matches the producer’s value of extraction—is $76.40 a barrel, the federal government is more likely to profit from rising oil costs.

However, Azerbaijan continues to maneuver in direction of a market economic system because it privatizes state holdings, gives monetary incentives and implements reforms, whereas working to draw overseas direct funding.

“To do that, they’re making an attempt to simplify the procedures for overseas traders,” explains Bikarsky. Among the reforms embrace simplifying guidelines and tackling tax evasion that would scale back the tax burden for authentic, taxpayer companies.

“It is a large promoting level for traders,” he says. Azerbaijan can be contemplating membership within the Eurasian Financial Union free-trade bloc.

Azerbaijan has 51 bilateral funding treaties and is making a particular financial zone that provides tax exemptions and has dedicated to spending $250 million this yr. The positive factors have attracted oil big BP, consulting corporations resembling KPMG Worldwide and software program titan Microsoft.

The federal government can be specializing in creating the economic system of Nagorno-Karabakh, the hotly disputed area whose de facto management was transferred to Azerbaijan in November 2020 following a peace deal brokered by Russia. Nevertheless, these alternatives include dangers. Tensions stay excessive between former rivals. A brand new collection of skirmishes from October to December reported the deaths of no less than eight Azerbaijani troopers and no less than 15 Armenian troopers, wounded a dozen and captured 13 Armenians. The chance normally seems to be restricted to frame areas.

Traders could want to think about different geopolitical developments, together with Turkey’s obvious plan to reinforce its political and financial ties with Azerbaijan. “Regardless of the issues with Lira over the subsequent 5 to 6 years, we are going to see [that] Turkey will quickly enter Azerbaijan and nations outdoors Central Asia, ”explains Bikarsky.


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